Seed Stratification Explained & Preventing Fungus Gnats: Increase Germination and Stop Problems

Posted by Gary Pilarchik on

Stratification is the process of giving your seeds a period of 'cold' to prepare them for better germination. If you dont stratify seeds, they can still germinate but the rate is often much lower and they can actually take 2 or 3 times longer to germinate. A refrigerator is all you need. Most seeds don't need to be stratified. Generally speaking many perennials, that are native to areas with a freezing  winter, benefit from a chilling period. I prepared a list of 35 plants that can benefit from being stratified. These are plants I often seed start.

There are two ways to stratify seeds. One is called wet and the other is dry. Dry is the only process I do because it is what is most practical when starting seeds indoors. Wet stratification is no more than planting your seeds in a moistened (wet) starting mix and exposing the whole set up to a cold period. That is perfect for greenhouses, cold frames, and places where you can manage temperatures. You can also place the seeds in a bag on a damp paper towel. I find the dry method to be effective with less work. Treat the wet method bag like a seed pack.

 

Anise (Hyssop)
Asclepias (Butterfly Weed)
Asparagus
Asters
Bachelor Buttons
Beebalm (Bergamont)
Cantaberry Bells
Catmint
Chamomile
Chives
Columbine
Coneflower (Echinacea)
Delphinium (Larkspar)
False Indigo
Foxglove
Hollyhocks
Joe Pie Weed
Lavender
Lobelia
Lupine
Milkweed
Mint
Oregano
Passionflower
Poppy (Perennial)
Rudbeckia
Sage
Scabosia
St Johns Wort
Strawberry (Wild)
Sunflowers (Perennial Type)
Thyme
Valerian
Vervain (Verbena)
Wormwood
Yarrow

Seed packs can be placed in the refrigerator for 4-8 weeks. There is no information on exactly how long different plant varieties need the cold periods to last for their seeds. The above range seems to be fine. The temperature should be near 32 Fahrenheit or 0 Celsius in theory but most refrigerators are several degrees above freezing and that works. Buy your seeds, that need stratification, several months early and toss the seed packs in the refrigerator. Take them out about 5 days before planting and let them feel the warmth of your home.

Stratification can be done on all seeds, in theory. So when in doubt stratify them in a refrigerator. This helps address the problem of poor germination or waiting for germination. Fungus gnats are the other major problem when starting plants indoors because you are inside, in a small space, and the fungus gnats only have one place to go. They will infest your seed starts. They have no where to go, they have no enemies, and the water and warm home temperatures are all they need to hatch and multiply.

I recommend creating a sterile starting mix for that above reason. Microbes are not needed for seed starting and can be added later at potting up or when put outside. Here my the video that shows you how to use boiling water on starting mixes. Most seed starting mixes are called dry mixes and need hydration. Simply saturate your seed starting mix with boiling water and not tap water.

It's true boiling water will kill microbes, in most cases, but is well worth it to make sure you don't get fungus gnats. Outside, in large green houses, in cold frames and other large outdoor spaces, boiling water is not needed as fungus gnats appear but they seem to be less problematic. I suggest boiling water for indoor seed starting, in small spaces.

The best way to address the problem of fungus gnats is to do everything you can to prevent them.  I have not found a peat based seed starting mix that states 'no fungus gnat eggs'. The eggs naturally end up in the peat moss that is used to blend most starting mixes. I am not saying they are in all starting mixes but I have used many brands over 20 years. If I am not diligent about prevention, they tend to show up. I will be doing a complete seed starting series for 2022 if you want to follow me YouTube.


Share this post



← Older Post Newer Post →


314 comments

  • i want to quickly leave this review here, sometime last month i was convinced to invest in Bitcoin Binary, i didn’t know how to do it so i met a firm online and i was happy i never knew that was the beginning of my destruction i trusted him and i invested with them, unluckyling for me i was scammed all of my coins, as if that was not enough i tried to recover them i was advised by a friend of mine we met online and have been very good to me though have never met her, i took her advice and she directed me to a bitcoin hacker who can help me recover my lost BTC i contacted him and he took away my $23,000 trying to recover my lost bitcoin, she was working with him at this point i had lost it all, then again something keep on telling me not to give up that i can get my money back, i decided to go spiritual this time i met a spell caster i read people commenting that he helped them win lottery with spell cast, i contacted him again though this was different and i explain my story to him he consoled me and promise me victory, i did all he ask of me and said my bitcoin with be restored to me in no time, i was actually waiting for a miracle, the next morning i got an email from the bitcoin scammer that he has been seeing me in his dream every night that i have be chasing him and for real he keep seeing me day and night, i thought it was all a joke till his parent and siblings also called that i should save their son he is not talking anymore just laying dead but alive, at this point i was feeling bad and scared i don’t want to kill anyone, so i called Dr Dominion and told him the situation and he said he will remain like that till he return my BTC, to cut the whole story short, Dr Dominion restored him and immediately he returned my BTC, now he is working on the fake hacker who took my money i will come back to let you all know once he is done with him. meanwhile if there is any of your there looking for help to recover your BTC Dr Dominion is the best solution believe it or leave it. here is his contact you can reach out to him for help.
    Email: dominionlottospelltemple@gmail.com
    website: https://dominionlottospell.wixsite.com/dr-dominion
    WhatsApp: +16574277820
    Call: +12059642462

    Magret Soukaina on
  • I want to use this medium to say thank you to DR Adodo the great spell caster for what he has done in my life with his spell. He brought my man back to me with his powerful spell when I least expected and I’m very proud to write on the internet just to let the world know the great help I got from DR Adodo . My man and i broke up and i never believed that we can reunite again until i read an article on the internet of how DR Adodo the great spell caster has helped so many people with his great power so i decided to give him a try which was in my favor and here am boldly celebrating,You can also get your Ex lover back with the help of Dr. AdodoWhatspp +18144484537 contact him through his email: dradodojattotemple@yahoo.com

    Sarah on
  • This is a very joyful day of my life because of the help PRIEST Salami has rendered to me by helping me get my ex-husband back with his magic and love spell. I was married for 6 years and it was so terrible because my husband was really cheating on me and was seeking a divorce but when I came across PRIEST Salami email on the internet on how he helped so many people to get their ex back and help to fix relationships. and make people happy in their relationship. I explained my situation to him and then sought his help but to my greatest surprise, he told me that he will help me with my case and here I am now celebrating because my Husband has changed totally for good. He always wants to be by me and can not do anything without my presence. I am really enjoying my marriage, what a great celebration. I will keep on testifying on the internet because PRIEST Salami is truly a real spell caster. DO YOU NEED HELP THEN CONTACT DOCTOR PRIEST Salami NOW VIA EMAIL: purenaturalhealer@gmail.com. Whatsapp number: +2348143757229 He is the only answer to your problem and makes you feel happy in your relationship…

    Freda on
  • Get your ex lover back no matter why he left you.
    My boyfriend that left me a few months ago just came back to me last night crying for me to take him back. After a 3 year relationship with my boyfriend, he changed suddenly and stopped contacting me regularly, he would come up with excuses of not seeing me all the time. He stopped answering my calls and my sms and he stopped seeing me regularly. I then started seeing him with different girls several times but every time he would say that he loved me and that he needed some time to think about our relationship. But I couldn’t stop thinking about him so I decided to go online and I saw so many good talks about this spell caster called Dr Kadiri and I contacted him and explained my problems to him. He cast a love spell for me. and After 11hours, my boyfriend came back to me and started begging me to forgive him. We moved in together after a few months and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than his friends. We eventually got married and now have been married happily with a son. Ever since Dr Kadiri helped me, my boyfriend is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before, You can also contact this spell caster and get your relationship fixed .Here’s his contact, WhatsApp him: +2349012496294 or Email him at: drkadirilovespellhome@gmail.com

    daniella nelson on
  • LOST CRYPTOS CAN BE RECOVERED BACK

    Hello everyone digital trading ( Forex, Crypto and Option ) according to statistic is the best way to earn money working from home. But scammers have made it impossible for anyone to benefit from trading, A lot of people have been scammed and have lost their life savings to scammers. I was once a victim of digital trade fraud, but i was able to recover back my lost funds through the help of MorrisGray830 at gmail com and He also taught me the trick behind trading and also the best strategy to enter the market and when to exist the market. He is offering free tutorial on how to become a successful trader and also how to reclaim your lost funds.

    DANIEL RAY on

Leave a comment