Seed Stratification Explained & Preventing Fungus Gnats: Increase Germination and Stop Problems

Posted by Gary Pilarchik on

Stratification is the process of giving your seeds a period of 'cold' to prepare them for better germination. If you dont stratify seeds, they can still germinate but the rate is often much lower and they can actually take 2 or 3 times longer to germinate. A refrigerator is all you need. Most seeds don't need to be stratified. Generally speaking many perennials, that are native to areas with a freezing  winter, benefit from a chilling period. I prepared a list of 35 plants that can benefit from being stratified. These are plants I often seed start.

There are two ways to stratify seeds. One is called wet and the other is dry. Dry is the only process I do because it is what is most practical when starting seeds indoors. Wet stratification is no more than planting your seeds in a moistened (wet) starting mix and exposing the whole set up to a cold period. That is perfect for greenhouses, cold frames, and places where you can manage temperatures. You can also place the seeds in a bag on a damp paper towel. I find the dry method to be effective with less work. Treat the wet method bag like a seed pack.

 

Anise (Hyssop)
Asclepias (Butterfly Weed)
Asparagus
Asters
Bachelor Buttons
Beebalm (Bergamont)
Cantaberry Bells
Catmint
Chamomile
Chives
Columbine
Coneflower (Echinacea)
Delphinium (Larkspar)
False Indigo
Foxglove
Hollyhocks
Joe Pie Weed
Lavender
Lobelia
Lupine
Milkweed
Mint
Oregano
Passionflower
Poppy (Perennial)
Rudbeckia
Sage
Scabosia
St Johns Wort
Strawberry (Wild)
Sunflowers (Perennial Type)
Thyme
Valerian
Vervain (Verbena)
Wormwood
Yarrow

Seed packs can be placed in the refrigerator for 4-8 weeks. There is no information on exactly how long different plant varieties need the cold periods to last for their seeds. The above range seems to be fine. The temperature should be near 32 Fahrenheit or 0 Celsius in theory but most refrigerators are several degrees above freezing and that works. Buy your seeds, that need stratification, several months early and toss the seed packs in the refrigerator. Take them out about 5 days before planting and let them feel the warmth of your home.

Stratification can be done on all seeds, in theory. So when in doubt stratify them in a refrigerator. This helps address the problem of poor germination or waiting for germination. Fungus gnats are the other major problem when starting plants indoors because you are inside, in a small space, and the fungus gnats only have one place to go. They will infest your seed starts. They have no where to go, they have no enemies, and the water and warm home temperatures are all they need to hatch and multiply.

I recommend creating a sterile starting mix for that above reason. Microbes are not needed for seed starting and can be added later at potting up or when put outside. Here my the video that shows you how to use boiling water on starting mixes. Most seed starting mixes are called dry mixes and need hydration. Simply saturate your seed starting mix with boiling water and not tap water.

It's true boiling water will kill microbes, in most cases, but is well worth it to make sure you don't get fungus gnats. Outside, in large green houses, in cold frames and other large outdoor spaces, boiling water is not needed as fungus gnats appear but they seem to be less problematic. I suggest boiling water for indoor seed starting, in small spaces.

The best way to address the problem of fungus gnats is to do everything you can to prevent them.  I have not found a peat based seed starting mix that states 'no fungus gnat eggs'. The eggs naturally end up in the peat moss that is used to blend most starting mixes. I am not saying they are in all starting mixes but I have used many brands over 20 years. If I am not diligent about prevention, they tend to show up. I will be doing a complete seed starting series for 2022 if you want to follow me YouTube.


Share this post



← Older Post Newer Post →


324 comments

Your comment was posted successfully! Thank you!

  • SPORTSTOTO7.COM
    http://www.runmap.net/en/route/3358598-bovec-maraton-42-km/#/z13/46.3120194,13.5711193/terrain
    https://tug.mn/p/20/show/23210
    https://belleetchicperu.com/blog-belle-et-chic/7_post-como-saber-tu-talla-de-anillo
    http://www.assnat.ci/assembleenationale/depute/spip.php?article122#forum65011
    https://www.ellatinoamerican.com/noticias/nuevo-centro-para-tratamiento-de-adiccion-enfermedad-mental-dieron-a-conocer-campana-de-35-m#comment-id-32015
    http://tempoecoarte.com.br/project/porta-treco/?unapproved=490160&moderation-hash=e532495280ce626418991b45fc6b605d#comment-490160
    https://rcicolombia.jimdofree.com/libro-de-visitas/
    http://speakenglish.co.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=board02&wr_id=3279&&page=2&#c_6162
    https://www.kyjovske-slovacko.com/cs/reknete-nam-vas-nazor-na-soucasne-skolstvi?page=1#comment-30413
    http://www.chickenyoungto.co.kr/board/bbs/board.php?bo_table=f89auxybgq&wr_id=3&page=1&sca=&sfl=&stx=&spt=0&page=1&cwin=#c_934
    http://900ds.com/board/product/read.html?no=1610&board_no=4#none
    http://www.angelomonne.com/dummy/GMg/index.php
    http://papa.bizvion.kr/board/bbs/board.php?bo_table=free&wr_id=72&&#c_1586
    http://www.theaterhaufen.at/cgi-sys/gb.cgi/theaterhaufen
    http://www.korefi.or.kr/bbs/board.php?tbl=bbs32&mode=VIEW&num=8&mobile_flag=&category=&findType=&findword=&sort1=&sort2=&page=
    http://hachimori.blog110.fc2.com/?no=674#comment
    https://weblogs.asp.net/dixin/understanding-all-javascript-module-formats-and-tools?
    r=8d9da59a0df3bd4
    http://technology-360factors.zohosites.com/blogs/post/What-is-Effective-Performance-Management
    https://ru.exrus.eu/MSM-MUSIC-SHOW-MANAGMENT-PRO-Muzykanty-i-pevtsy-tamady-v-Filipsburge-id55f00624ae2015d72a863711
    https://yachtholic.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=photo_notice&wr_id=3&&page=21847&#c_378349
    http://www.assnat.ci/assembleenationale/depute/spip.php?article28#forum65051
    https://gall.dcinside.com/board/view/?id=igjdivision&no=1
    https://danielfooddiary.com/2017/01/11/koreanstreetfood/#comment-4128580
    http://www.sunsayeon.or.kr/notice/freetalk_read.asp?BoardID=FreeTalk&idx=2469&gotoPage=46&strPart=&strFind=
    https://www.juntadeandalucia.es/averroes/centros-tic/21700381/helvia/bitacora/index.cgi?wIdPub=357\
    https://www.bathbombfizzle.com/blogs/news/shower-steamers-diy-essential-oil-recipe?comment=124160999574&page=2
    https://www.davidbowmanart.com/blogs/drawn-in-reviews/check-back-for-reviews-on-drawn-in?comment=129501102298#comments
    https://www.mulletboards.com/blogs/news/bali-trip-serious-action?comment=127532728483#comments
    https://www.totesavvy.com/blogs/inside-totesavvy/how-to-host-a-virtual-baby-shower?comment=126611128395#comments
    https://trenaryhomebakery.com/blogs/history-series/stand-out-this-holiday-season-with-trenary-home-bakery?comment=125378625711#comments
    https://www.samenmetenaanluchtkwaliteit.nl/vuurwerkexperiment-20172018#comment-4941
    https://www.districttaco.com/blogs/news/amidst-pandemic-stress-district-taco-gives-back-to-local-school?comment=129224114433#comments
    http://www.rosethorntennis.com/news/9364021?anchor=12274515#12274515
    https://www.vaporlax.com/es/blogs/latest-news/introducing-vaporlax-athenaz?comment=124810625110&page=1
    https://logitudeworld.com/what-is-the-best-logistics-software-for-my-business/#comment-6135
    https://www.tsbohemia.cz/default.asp?cls=discussions&stiid=155630&srtid=0
    https://www.convivence-samenleven.be/2015/09/23/inauguration-des-premiers-logements-clt-%C3%A0-bruxelles/
    https://www.steadystateroasting.com/blogs/news/a-trip-to-faf-farms-in-brazil?comment=128027164783#comments
    https://www.debc.or.kr/bbs/board.php?bo_table=s2_6&wr_id=111&&page=1&#c_1500
    https://www.fashionata.com/index.php/3-things-youll-want-to-do-this-spring#comment-47043
    https://www.associazionebellinigratteri.com/libro-degli-ospiti/
    http://dtds.co.kr/gnuboard4/bbs/board.php?bo_table=est&wr_id=985&page=0&sca=&sfl=&stx=&spt=0&page=0&cwin=#c_1205
    https://www.ameiteahouse.com/blogs/amei-tea-house-blog/the-stunning-teahouses-and-twisting-alleyways-of-jiufen-taiwan-article-from-forbes-com?comment=126424514614#comments
    https://www.cmpadvisors.com/content/new-hampshire-champion-christmas-tree?page=13#comment-1465526
    https://www.vernis-halal.eu/en/blog/77
    Une-manucure-aux-couleurs-estivales-avec-la-s.html
    https://hcbears.com.au/News/12234533?anchor=12274742#12274742
    https://www.homerev.com/blogs/home-revolution/holiday-decor?comment=129598947581#comments
    https://babymetalnewswire.jimdofree.com/2017/09/27/babymetal-saitama-s-big-fox-festival-in-japan-2-days-looked-like-a-blazing-delight/
    https://www.baristaspace.com/blogs/baristaspace/5-best-pour-over-coffee-drip-kettle-2020?comment=128268206150#comments
    https://www.davidbowmanart.com/blogs/drawn-in-reviews/check-back-for-reviews-on-drawn-in?comment=129501167834#comments
    https://www.wur.nl/en/article/Blog-Whales-predict-the-catch-of-krill-under-sea-ice.htm?cb=3597&cb=5899
    https://www.rockcityoutfitters.com/blogs/news/arkansas-festival-and-events-t-shirt-helping-small-businesses-in-arkansas?comment=129509327071#comments
    https://www.totesavvy.com/blogs/inside-totesavvy/how-to-host-a-virtual-baby-shower?comment=126611357771#comments
    https://eaglesonveterinaryclinic.ca/product/pet-classic-solid-dog-leash/#comment-21992
    https://www.geilenfeldfh.com/mildred-cummings.html
    https://www.samenmetenaanluchtkwaliteit.nl/vuurwerkexperiment-20172018#comment-4951
    http://kopano.unam.edu.na/ecollaboration/view/view.php?id=484&offset=30

    ishblel burns먹튀검증사이트 on
  • The world has changed. Every day, technology advances. There are new technologies that can not only track bitcoin addresses but also determine which platform or exchange they belong to Anyone would agree that this is a significant step forward in the recovery of cryptocurrency that has been lost or stolen.
    I lost almost $590,000 to a 500 investment, but thanks to Vladimir Kolarov and his colleagues at thehackerspro.com for their competent and ethical services in retrieving all of my money from this scam binary options firm.

    If you need to recover money from a romance scammer, ICO, Binary options fraud, or IQ option business, you can email them at support@thehackerspro.com.
    Information is crucial.

    Chloe Macnaghten on
  • I am Joan Rawls from Texas ,United States, Before I was scammed, I thought those who fell for them were fools, but when I lost USD 120,000.00 in a binary investment trading scam, I didn’t even know it had happened until a month later. The site and services I used seemed so genuine, and everything felt legit, but when they stopped answering my emails and messages, that’s when I knew something was up. I was going to accept defeat because I didn’t know what to do or how to go about it. until I discussed it with a friend of mine who advised me to contact Recovery Expert ( recoveryexperts80@gmail.com) to help me get my invested funds back. which I did, they were incredibly helpful and worked hard to get all my money back. I’d highly recommend them to anyone who has been swindled of their currency. They are professional hackers who deal with everything about hacking. recoveryexperts80@gmail.com
    whats-app +1(562)2659318 Telegram +1(562)2659318
    Let them know I recommend you…

    mathew on
  • I beg you to get in touch with CYBER WARDRIVERS, a reputable hacker and recovery specialist. I fell prey to scammers acting as bitcoin and binary options investors, and I lost $40,000 from my bitcoin wallet to them. It took me some time to understand they were frauds, and this hurt a lot. Then one of my coworkers learned about it and gave me the name of a CYBER WARDRIVERS expert. They assisted me in finding my lost bitcoin in less than 48 hours, and the counterfeiters were apprehended and made to pay for their actions against me. If you’ve fallen victim to an internet scam and have lost money, you may be looking to get it back from phony hackers, online dating scams, btc wallet hacks, or bogus binary investors. You’ll be happy you reached out to CYBER WARDRIVERS. I urge you guys to reach out to CYBER WARDRIVERS on their support email: cyberwardrivers@email.com Or WhatsApp: +15623786597

    Thank you.
    Kimberly

    Kimberly Kelly on
  • How to Recover Stolen Cryptocurrencies And Stolen Bitcoin

    After falling victim to a cryptocurrency investment scam, my family and I were left with nothing after these swindlers stole $205,000 in USDT and Bitcoins from us. We were so lucky to come across a post about RecoveryMasters, a cryptocurrency and funds recovery Hackers with plenty of experience in cybersecurity. RecoveryMasters was able to recover all of our funds, and with the information we provided, they were tracked down and reported to the appropriate authorities. I highly recommend RecoveryMasters for your cryptocurrency recovery.
    l will always recommend RECOVERY MASTERS Contact them on Email: (Recoverymasters@email.cz) or whatsapp +1(551) 202-23-35

    Rachel Ayres on
  • i want to quickly leave this review here, sometime last month i was convinced to invest in Bitcoin Binary, i didn’t know how to do it so i met a firm online and i was happy i never knew that was the beginning of my destruction i trusted him and i invested with them, unluckyling for me i was scammed all of my coins, as if that was not enough i tried to recover them i was advised by a friend of mine we met online and have been very good to me though have never met her, i took her advice and she directed me to a bitcoin hacker who can help me recover my lost BTC i contacted him and he took away my $23,000 trying to recover my lost bitcoin, she was working with him at this point i had lost it all, then again something keep on telling me not to give up that i can get my money back, i decided to go spiritual this time i met a spell caster i read people commenting that he helped them win lottery with spell cast, i contacted him again though this was different and i explain my story to him he consoled me and promise me victory, i did all he ask of me and said my bitcoin with be restored to me in no time, i was actually waiting for a miracle, the next morning i got an email from the bitcoin scammer that he has been seeing me in his dream every night that i have be chasing him and for real he keep seeing me day and night, i thought it was all a joke till his parent and siblings also called that i should save their son he is not talking anymore just laying dead but alive, at this point i was feeling bad and scared i don’t want to kill anyone, so i called Dr Dominion and told him the situation and he said he will remain like that till he return my BTC, to cut the whole story short, Dr Dominion restored him and immediately he returned my BTC, now he is working on the fake hacker who took my money i will come back to let you all know once he is done with him. meanwhile if there is any of your there looking for help to recover your BTC Dr Dominion is the best solution believe it or leave it. here is his contact you can reach out to him for help.
    Email: dominionlottospelltemple@gmail.com
    website: https://dominionlottospell.wixsite.com/dr-dominion
    WhatsApp: +16574277820
    Call: +12059642462

    Magret Soukaina on

Leave a comment